In simple terms, subluxations are misalignments and dysfunction of vertebral joints. These can cause localized back pain, radiating pain, numbness, tingling spasm, weakness, etc. Remember that your Central Nervous System (CNS) is comprised of the brain and spinal cord.
The CNS controls ALL organs, systems, glands, and functions of the body. In between each two vertebrae, the spinal nerve roots exit the spine. The opening where the nerve roots exit are partially formed by the joints of the spine-one part of the joint from the vertebra above and one part of the joint from the vertebra below. If the vertebral joints are misaligned, jammed, and swollen, the nerve root can be compromised and irritated.
These compromised nerve roots can then cause pain and dysfunction wherever the nerve happens to go. Subluxations in the neck and upper back area are extremely common due to the weight of the head and weakness of the muscles in the neck. Most subluxations tend to be centered around five areas: the top of the cervical spine where it meets the skull; in the middle of the cervical spine where the mechanical stress from the head is the greatest; in the transition where the cervical and thoracic areas of the spine meet; and in the middle of the thoracic spine where the mechanical stress from the weight of the upper body is greatest; and in the low back where most of the lower movement of the spine occurs.
Signs of subluxation include looking in the mirror and seeing your head tilted or one shoulder or hip higher than the other. Often women will notice that their sleeve or pants length is different or that a necklace is hanging off center. If someone looks at you from the side they may notice that your head sits forward from your shoulders. This is known as forward head posture and is very common for people who are stooped over their computers all day long. Subluxations are a detriment to the body. If they are not taken care of soon after they occur, then they can get much worse over time and lead to chronic pain, dysfunction, and arthritis.